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1993 Archives Exhibit:
Phrenology and the
Localization of Brain Function

List of Exhibited Items and (Source)

Casts of hands
Casts of hands of acromegaly patients treated by Harvey Cushing which are exhibited at The Countway Museum. The Countway Library is located in the Longwood Medical Area at 10 Shattuck St. Boston, MA 02115

Phrenological memorabilia exhibited by Grant Romer
Phrenological memorabilia exhibited by Grant Romer, phrenologist, and curator at the Eastman House Photographic Museum in Rochester.


Phrenologist Grant Romer
Phrenologist Grant Romer performing a phrenological exam on the AANS then-President Merwyn Bagan.


Phrenology busts and manuscripts
Phrenology busts and manuscripts desplayed by the Countway Museum.


Grant Romer and on-lookers
Grant Romer and on-lookers during a phrenological exam.


Display of original books and manuscripts
Display of original books and manuscripts on phrenology exhibited by the Countway Museum.


Display case of items lent to the exhibit by Charterhouse in Grosse Point, MI.
Display of items lent for the exhibit by Charterhouse in Grosse Point, MI.


Display of phrenology heads and watercolor prints from the Countway Museum.
Display of phrenology heads and watercolor prints from the Countway Museum.


PlasterCasts of criminals' heads
PlasterCasts of criminals' heads who had been read by Spurzheim, plus original prints of Spurzheim, coutesy of the Countway museum.


Display of items lent for the exhiby the Roy Tyrer, Fred Barker, and Merwyn Bagan.
Display of items lent for the exhiby the Roy Tyrer, Fred Barker, and Merwyn Bagan. Includes a Civil War soldier's diary with accounts of phrenology plus rare books and paintings.

Books and articles:

Boardman, A A Defence of Phrenology. New York, 1847. (Henry G. Schwartz)

Bowen, T: Physiology, Physiognomy & Phrenology. No publisher, no date. Probably published in the 1850s. (Countway Library).

Buchanan, JR: Outlines of Lectures on the Neurological System of Anthropology. Cincinnati, 1854. With the famous "sarcognomy" plate. (Countway Library).

Carmichael, A: A Memoir of the Life and Philosophy of Spurzheim. 1833. (Henry G. Schwartz)

Cruikshank, G: Bumpology. Satirical print. London, 1826. Hand colored, matted. (Countway Library).

Cruikshank, G: Phrenological Illustrations, or An Artists' View of the Phrenological System of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim. London, 1826. (Countway Library).

Fowler, OS: Fowler on Matrimony. New York, 1845. (Countway Library).

Fowler, OS: The phrenological character of G. Stevens. No date. (Countway Library).

Fowler, OS: The phrenological character of Mrs. Verina Sweesy, November 3, 1858. (Countway Library).

Fowler, OS: The Practical Phrenologist. (A. Roy Tyrer)

Johnson, DC: Phrenology Exemplified and Illustrated. Boston, 1827. (Countway Library).

Johnson, DC: Phrenology, satirical plates taken from Phrenology Exemplified and Illustrated. Boston, 1837. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Lambert, EF: An Old Maid's Skull Phrenologised. Satirical print. London, 1820s. Hand colored, matted. (Countway Library).

Leslie, F: The Traveling Phrenologist in the White Mountains. Drawing. Illustrated Newspaper, September 9, 1882. (A. Roy Tyrer)

McLean, JP: Know Thyself! Lectures on Phrenology. New York, late 1860s. (Countway Library).

Moore, JB: Instructive and Amusing Phrenology and Electric Psychology. Boston, circa 1852. Paper advertisement. (Countway Library).

Phrenological Journal, April 1875. (A. Roy Tyrer)

Spurzheim, JC: Couse de physiologie et de pathologie. Manuscript. No date. (Countway Library).

Spurzheim, JC: Journal from Paris to New York, June-July 1832. (Countway Library).

Spurzheim, JC: Phrenological catechims. Manuscript. No date. (Countway Library).

Spurzheim, JC: Travels in America, 1832 --- Notes concerning education. (Countway Library).

Varley, C: Outline drawing of J.C. Spurzheim; drawn to exact size, with the aid of a telescope while Spurzheim was lecturing. England, 1820s. (Countway Library).

Wheeler, N: Lecture on Matrimony & Phrenology. Newmarket, 1849. (Countway Library).

Miscellaneous:

"Bless Me What a Bump." Satirical print. London, 1820s. Hand colored, matted. (Countway Library).

"Phrenology and Physiology expounded and applied by O.S. Fower of New York. Lectures to be given at Depot Hall, Concord, New Hampshire." Broadside, 1841. (New Hampshire Historical Society)

"The World's Wonder --- Phineas P. Gage, Tuesday Evening, at Rumford Hall. He will exhibit one of the Greatest Wonders of the World! Nothing less than a Man who has had a Huge Iron Bar, which he will Exhibit, forced through his head from chin to crown." Broadside. (New Hampshire Historical Society)

Calendar in the form of a Phrenological head, Fowler & Wells, New York, 1886. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Civil War soldier's diary with entries regarding phrenology. (A. Roy Tyrer).

Eight plaster hand casts of acromegaly patients collected by Harvey Cushing. (Warren Museum, Harvard Medical School).

English Spy lithography portraying "The Phrenologist". (A. Roy Tyrer)

Engraving of heads and skulls by Heck & Winkles, circa 1850. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Engraving of skulls by Otto Koegel, Dresden, circa 1850. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Fowler, L: Bound volume of several hundred phrenological cards, or analyses of individuals. 1835. (Countway Library).

Gall, FJ: 7 original engraved portraits, different poses. All early 19th century. (Countway Library).

Headpiece from electric phrenology measuring device, circa 1900. Similar to first Psychograph built in 1940 by Henry Lavery, Superior, WI. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Huters, C: 3 German post cards, circa late-1920s. Tow of these were distributed by Siegfried Schmidt who would seem to be an itinerant phrenologist-physiognomist in Swickau. (Mahlon W. Wagner)

Johnson, R: The Californicated Brain also known as California: A State of Mind and You Ought to Have Your Head Examined.. Diptych. Los Angeles: Phlogiston Press, 1989. (artist)

O.S. Fowler - photograph. Cohocton New York Historical Society, 1990. Fowler Birthplace. (Mahlon W. Wagner)

Operative sketch by Harvey Cushing. (Warren Museum, Harvard Medical School)

Phrenological head. Carved from ivory or bone. (Countway Library).

Phrenological heads. Plaster and glazed, large -- 7 total. (Countway Library).

Phrenological heads. Plaster and glazed, small -- 3 total. (Countway Library).

Phrenological measuring device, possible precursor to stereotactic devices. date unknown. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Phrenologically marked photographs from the Archives of the Phrenologists, Fowler & Wells, circa 1900. (Grant Romer).

Phrenologically scrimshawed human skull, circa 1850, probably French. (Grant Romer)

Phrenologically-related post card collection. (A. Roy Tyrer)

Phrenologically-related postcard collection. Dating between 1905 and 1920. From England, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary. (Mahlon W. Wagner)

Phrenology Bust, gilded plaster display, marked: Frederick Bridges Model, Phreno-Physio- Geometrica, Male type of head. 30 Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, May 1857. (Grant Romer)

Phrenology chart. Thayer & Co., Boston, 1840s or 1850s. Broadside lithograph. (Countway Library).

Phrenology heads (small) designed by Edward Marshall Boehm. (A. Roy Tyrer)

Phrenology pamphlets. (A. Roy Tyrer)

Quarter-plate American daguerreotype portrait of a man pointing to a phrenological bust. Circa 1850. (Grant Romer)

Series of slides related to Phineas Gage, see Barker article. (Kenneth L. Tyler).

Sixth-plate American ambrotype of woman giving a man a phrenological reading. Circa 1860. (Grant Romer)

Skulls to demonstrate wide degree of variations -- feminine female, masculine female, and masculine male. (Bill Williams, Charterhouse & Co.)

Spurzheim, JC: Letter to wife, February 19, 1815, from Bath. (Countway Library).

Spurzheim, JC: Letter to wife, June 29, 1814, from London. (Countway Library).

Spurzheim, JC: Letter to wife, March 10, 1815, from Rathbone Palace. (Countway Library).


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