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Pre-20th Century Neuroscience
In 1873, the first evidence of trephined neolithic skulls was discovered. There are records of neurosurgery in Babylon and Egypt as early as three thousand years before Christ. Evidence of centuries old brain surgeries have been discovered in Europe, Africa, Asia, North and South America. Neuroscience took many accepted forms prior to the 20th Century.

This exhibit is dedicated to the world of neuroscience before Cushing and Fulton and Dandy. A medical world which was often dictated by spirits and pseudoscience.

Click on a topic below to enter a world before CT scans, before antibiotics, before modern medicine.

Suggested Reading:
Greenblatt, SH, Dagi, TF, Epstein, MH: A History of Neurosurgery in its Scientific and Professional Contexts. Park Ridge, IL, The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1997.

A Bit About Phrenology

Click on the image to view the article.

A Bit About Phrenology

written by:
Roy C. Selby, MD

The American Crowbar Case

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The American Crowbar Case

written by:
Fred G. Barker, II, MD

Pre-Columbian Trephination

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Pre-Columbian Trephination

written by:
Chris Ann Philips


Neurosurgeons View Peruvian Trephined Skulls During Special Visit to Field Mueum

AANS Newsletter, Winter 1991

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1993 Archives Exhibit - Phrenology and the Localization of Brain Function

List of Exhibited Items and (Source)

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Neurosurgical Classic - XVII: Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus

written by Robert H. Wilkins, MD

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Pre-20th Century · Aneurysm and Micro-Neurosurgery · History of Organized Neurosurgery
Stereotactic Neurosurgery · The Cushing Tumor Registry · Portrait Hall · Leaders in Neuroscience
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